On behalf of the EU Commission, the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI together with ICF Consulting Services Limited explored the contribution that individual technologies can make to decarbonizing industry and the possible paths that lead to this by 2050.
Details matter: How the analysis at process level yields different results to aggregated subsector approaches. This and other questions regarding industrial heating and cooling demand are answered in this new FORECAST-related publication
The paper presents a further analysis of the results of the project
"Mapping EU heat supply", in which FORECAST was applied to obtain a
comprehensive picture of the EU's heating and cooling sector. More results are
available at the project website.
The paper focuses on methodological aspects concerning the
disaggregation of energy balances (end-use, temperature levels) in the
industrial sector and compares the obtained insights with earlier publications
and available end-use balances. It highlights that the process-specific
bottom-up (BU) approach delivers the level of detail required to reflect
subsectoral differences among countries, e.g. in the non-ferrous metals
industry (see figure).
The analysis at the level of individual subsectors shows distinct patterns of energy carrier use and temperature level. Both these aspects restrict the technologies and efficiency potentials that can be applied. The knowledge about these restrictions and their implications for energy modelling will be of ongoing interest in the future modelling of industrial heat supply.
The paper is available at SpringerLink:
Rehfeldt, Matthias; Fleiter, Tobias; Toro,
Felipe (2017): A bottom-up estimation of the heating and cooling demand in
European industry. In: Energy Efficiency 45 (2012), p. 786.